Social Policy and Development in Latin America: The Long View

publicado a la‎(s)‎ 19 ago. 2009 16:54 por Manuel Riesco   [ actualizado el 19 ago. 2009 17:16 ]
Social Policy & Administration, one of the main international journals in the field, has published the article Social Policy and Development in Latin America: The Long View  written by Dr. Sônia Draibe of Campinas University, Brasil, and CENDA vicepresident, Manuel Riesco. Read complete article

Complete reference: Sônia Draibe and Manuel Riesco (2009) Social Policy & Administration ISBN 0144–5596 DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9515.2009.00666.x Vol. 43, Nº. 4, August 2009, pp. 328–346

In the new development strategy currently shaping Latin America, alternative social policy models have emerged. This article argues that far from being rival alternatives, each of these models considers the wide differences among countries. The region is emerging from a century of transformation – from a traditional agrarian economy to an urban industrial one – in which countries have taken diverse historical paths. Some have almost completed this transformation, others are taking early steps, and the vast majority are living through it. State-led transition has followed two successive development strategies. From the 1920s up to the 1980s, state developmentalism has mostly successfully assumed the twin challenges of economic and social progress. In the last two decades of the century, Latin American states adopted the policies of the Washington Consensus, which emphasized the importance of business in the framework of globalization and benefited the affluent few. However, an unambiguous shift in direction has been taking place in Latin America since the 1997 economic crisis. This article suggests that a new developmental welfare state model seems to be in the making. How will it evolve over the wider space of an increasingly integrated Latin America?
Manuel Riesco,
19 ago. 2009 17:03